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1st: Definitions of Words used within the GFT Site:



Access this list of definitions 2 ways:



  1. Use the DEFINITIONS > TERMS tab in the main menu.  OR  
  2. HOVER YOUR CURSER (for 2 seconds) over a the term within the website to reveal its definition.

Redundant terminology will be in larger print & underlined. Click on it to view a list of only Redundant Terminology or CLICK HERE.



  1. 3 Basic Chords => The 1-4-5 Chords (AKA the Tonic– Sub Dominant-Dominant Chords).
  2. Action => The height of the strings from the fingerboard.
  3. Alternate-picking => using both the Up-stroke and Down-stroke alternately.
  4. Analogy => A similar example.
  5. Ascend => Increasing pitch by moving up the fretboard or moving from the “Low E” string up to the “High E” string.
  6. Ascending => Increasing pitch.
  7. Bar => Chord type (Also spelled Barre Chord or Barr Chord) A chord formed using the Left Index finger to bar the entire fret and forming the chord with the remaining fingers.
  8. Bass Note => The bass note of a Chord is the lowest note played or notated. If there are multiple voices it is the note played or notated in the lowest voice. (the note furthest in the Bass) While the bass note is often the Root or fundamental of the chord, it does not have to be, and sometimes one of the other pitches of the chord will be found in the bass (an Inversion).
  9. Chromatic => Involving the successive sharpening or flattening of notes or the use of such notes in chords and harmonic progressions.
  10. Chromatically => Playing up of down in one fret increments.
  11. Chromatic scale => A musical scale with twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below another.
  12. Consonance => A chord which sounds pleasant & stable.
  13. Descending => Decreasing pitch.
  14. Diatonic => Of or using only the seven tones of a standard scale without chromatic alterations.
  15. Diatonic Scale => An eight-note, octave-repeating musical scale comprising five whole steps and two half steps for each octave. Commonly the Major and Minor scales.
  16. Dissonance => A chord which sounds unpleasant or unstable.
  17. Ditty => A short and simple song.
  18. Downpicking => The pick is moved in a downward motion while striking the string.
  19. Down on string set => Moving from a thicker string to a thinner string.
  20. Ear => (training) Learning to identify, solely by hearing, pitches, intervals, melody, chords, rhythms, and other basic elements of music.
  21. Flat => Lower in pitch by a half step (semitone).
  22. Fret a note => Press down on a fret such that when it is picked a tone is produced.
  23. Fretted => (fretting) – When the finger is pressed between two frets to produce a note.  Playing the 1st fret means pressing your finger behind the 1st fret to create a clean sounding note when picked.
  24. Index finger => Beside Thumb.
  25. Interval => The distance between two pitches.
  26. Inversion => Where the ROOT Note of a Chord is not in the bass (or lowest note).
  27. Inversions => Alternate Chords where the ROOT Note of the Chord is not in the bass (or lowest note).
  28. Intonation => Pitch accuracy.
  29. Key => In music theory, the key of a piece usually refers to the tonic note and chord, which gives a subjective sense of arrival and rest.
  30. Key Signature => A set of sharp # or flat b symbols placed together on the staff.
  31. Low E => The top (fattest) string played open.
  32. Machine Head =>Mechanical gear used to tighten and loosen the string when changing or tuning.
  33. Middle finger => 2nd beside Thumb.
  34. Mute => Prevent from making sound or render inaudible.
  35. Neck Radius => The roundness on the back of the guitar neck.
  36. Major scale => One of the diatonic scales. It is made up of seven distinct notes, plus an eighth which duplicates the first an octave higher. These notes correspond to: “Do, Re, Mi, Fa, Sol, La, Ti/Si, (Do)”, the (Do) in the parenthesis at the end being the octave of the starting pitch.
  37. Musical-note => A musical sound or notation of on of the following: A, A, B, C, C, D, D, E, F, F, G, G
  38. Octave => If one note has a frequency of 440 Hz, the note an octave above it is at 880 Hz, and the note an octave below is at 220 Hz (the same pitch at a different frequency).
  39. Open String => A string played without fretting it.
  40. Passage => A musical idea that may or may not be complete or independent. For example, fill, riff, and all sections.
  41. Passing Note => A note that connects two consonant pitches by stepwise motion and usually occurs on a weak beat. Also called passing tone.
  42. Phrase => A series of notes that sound complete even when played apart from the main sing.  A musical sentence.
  43. Pickup => Device that captures mechanical vibrations and converts them to an electrical signal which is then amplified.
  44. Pinky => Little finger..
  45. Polyphonic => Can play multiple notes simultaneously.
  46. Position => The Fret you are on.
  47. Power Chord => (Fifth Chord) A chord that consists of 2 notes: (the root note and the fifth interval).
  48. Quintessential => Of the pure and essential essence of something
  49. Raking => A sweeping motion of the pick is combined with a matching fret hand technique to produce a specific series of notes which are fast and fluid in sound
  50. Redundant => Repeated in two or more locations on the fretboard
  51. Register => A register is the relative “height” or range of a note or set of notes.
  52. Resolution => The move of a note or chord from dissonance (an unstable sound) to consonance (a more final or stable sounding one)
  53. Resolve => A Verb meaning: The move of a note or chord from an unstable sound dissonance (dissonance) to a more final or stable sounding sound (consonance).  To concentrate the attention of a song around a specific Chord or to focus a Lead solo back to the Root note. The objective is to bring closure to the musical piece. Without resolution a song sounds like it is left hanging and unfinished.
  54. Ring finger => 3rd from Thumb.
  55. Root Note => Pitch upon which a chord may be built.
  56. Section => “a complete, but not independent musical idea”. Types of sections include the introduction or intro, verse, chorus or refrain, conclusion, outro, fadeout, bridge or interlude.
  57. Sharp =>> An increase in pitch of 1 semitone.
  58. Shape => Your finger formation. For Example: the “D Shape” may be slid up and down the neck to create additional chords. If moved up 2 frets from the D position an E Chord is created.
  59. String Gauge => Thickness.
  60. String Trees => “Guides” which are attached to the Head of the guitar. They create a more positive contact with the Nut slots.
  61. Strum => A strum is a sweeping action where the Pick brushes past several strings in order to set them all into motion and thereby play a chord.
  62. Sustain => The period of time during which the sound remains before it becomes inaudible (silent).
  63. Tablature (Tab) => A very simple way to read the location and order that notes are played on the guitar. Unlike the standard music notation a concert guitarist might read, tab gives no indication of rhythm therefore you must be familiar with the song in order to interpret the tab.
  64. Timbre => Tone Quality or Tone Colour.
  65. Tonic => The tonic is the first scale degree of the diatonic scale and the tonal centre or final resolution tone.
  66. Transpose => Moving a note (or collection of notes) up or down in pitch by a constant interval.  As when adjusting Chords or a Riff for Key.
  67. Transposes => Moves up or down in pitch by a constant interval
  68. Tremolo => A variation in Volume. Whereas Vibrato is a variation in Pitch.
  69. Triad => A set of 3 notes consisting of the Root, 3rd & 5th notes of a scale.
  70. Truss Rod =>  A metal Rod which is installed in the neck of the guitar and adjusted to counter the tension of the strings to achieve the proper string height above the frets.
  71. Unison => Two notes sounding the same pitch.
  72. Vibrato => A variation in Pitch. Whereas Tremolo is a variation in Volume.
  73. Voicing => Unique sound comprised of the order, location and number of notes used.
  74. Whammy => Used to add vibrato to the sound by changing the tension of the strings.


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