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Fig. 1. Frets allow you to precisely change the Pitch of a string

-Up to 14 frets are used allowing the guitar to span 4 complete Octaves.

-The Fret is a metal wire which is embedded in the wooden Fretboard.  It is held securely in place by the Stud.  See Fig. 2.

 

 Fig. 2 Cross section of a fret and its parts.

 -The Frets are placed in positions determined by a fret scale.  This allows the desired note to be played when a string is  fretted.

 

Fig. 3 A Fret Scale Rule.

 -Frets come in different shapes and sizes.  There are Rounded and Flat Frets.

Fig. 4  Frets come in different shapes and sizes.

-Flat Frets allow the strings to be adjusted closer to the neck (Lower Action) for increased playing speed.

-Round Frets allow for more positive fingering and also improved Vibrato when the finger is rocked on the string.

ROUND AND FLAT FRETS JPEG

Fig.5. It can be seen how rocking your finger to create the Vibrato Effect will be more effective with Round Frets.  The string will stretch more causing a better increase in pitch.

 -Frets do wear out.  This is characterized by a flat area on top (grove).  When worn out, they can be redressed (filed smooth) or replaced.

Fig.6.  A badly worn Fret.

 -If the Frets are uneven and creating buzzing of the strings on one fret, they may be filed even again.  However, the Fret should be checked first to see if it can be reseated.

-The ends of the frets should be smooth when you move your hand up and down the neck.  If they are not then they may be filed smooth.

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