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Fig.1. The Minor Scale.

The Major Scale and the Minor Scale are the two most commonly used in popular music.  The Minor Scale has a very distinctive sound. It can be described as a darker, sadder more solemn sound than the Major Scale sound.

– Just as the Major Scale is derived from the W-W-H-W-W-W-H intervals of the Chromatic Scale, the Minor Scale is derived from its own unique sequence of intervals:

They are: Whole – Half – Whole – Whole – Half – Whole – Whole

Trick (Magic Hat)Note how the minor Scale begins with the 6th interval of the Major Scale.
This is easy way to recall the minor Scale intervals without having to memorize them.

MAJOR AND MINOR SCALE INTERVALS

Fig.2. The “minor scale” intervals simply starts from the 6th interval of the “Major scale”. 

Another easy way to derive the Minor Scale From the Major is to simply
“Flatten the 3rd, 6th & 7th Scale Degrees” of the Major Scale (see Fig.2).

Side note:  Both the Major and Minor scales are Heptatonic Scales meaning they consists of 7 notes per octave.

-It is important to note that there are three types of minor scale”

1. The “Natural minor scale” as described above with intervals:  W – H – W – W – H – W – W 
2. The “Harmonic minor scale” with intervals: W – H – W – W – H –  (W+H) – H
3. The “Melodic minor scale”: Ascending intervals: W – H – W – W – W – W – H & DescendingW – H – W – W – H – W – W

Quiz: What is an easy way to get the Minor Scale from the Major Scale?


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