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Quiz answer: The Octave of the open string “D note” may be played either higher or lower in pitch.

“The most fundamental Scale is the Chromatic Scale.  
It encompasses ALL the notes played one after the other”.

Fig.1. The Musical Notes of the Chromatic Scale are easily visualized on the piano keyboard.
You may start on any note because it is cyclical (repeats over and over until you reach the last (or first) piano key). 

-As you have already learned, the Musical Notes are A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#   (12 of them).
They form the Chromatic Scale which encompasses ALL the musical notes.

-ALL other scales are derived from the Chromatic Scale.

-The step or increment from each one to the next is referred to as a “Half Step” (or Semitone)

Two “Half Steps” = One “Whole Step” ( Whole Tone)

-The lowest note on the guitar is the E (Low E).  It is the top (thickest) string played OPEN (not fretted).

-Beginning with this E, the notes up the fretboard are: E, F, F#, G, G#, A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#.

-If you continue playing higher notes you will repeat through the next higher Octave.

-A guitar typically covers almost 4 Octaves (see fig.1)

-With more frets you can play higher up the high e string thus higher up the last Octave.

Fig.2. This diagram shows ALL of the unique notes on the guitar.
They span almost 4 Octaves.

The unmarked notes are all Repeats (Duplicates) of those shown.  

 –  All other notes on the fretboard (64% of them) are repetitive (same tone and Octave as those in Fig.2 above).

PIANO KEYBOARD & GUITAR FRETBOARD COMPARED

FIG.3. Using the High E String as an example clearly shows how the notes of the piano and the guitar are laid out chromatically.  It is easier to visualize the notes on a piano because there are no repeating notes as there are 0n the multi-stringed guitar.  Imagine, if you will, that the piano is kinda like one long guitar string.  Also, on the piano, the black keys are the Sharps/Flats making them much easier to visualize & identify.  If you start with the Open E string of the guitar and play each fret up the fretboard then you are playing the Chromatic scale.

Quiz: When playing chromatically are you playing “half steps” or “whole steps” or both?

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