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 Quiz answer: Most notes repeat on the next higher string at the 5th fret.  The only exception is the 3rd string where the note repeats on the 4th fret.

Fig.1.The Open High E note repeats on the 5th fret of the B String (the one used for tuning the High E String).
They are the same in pitch and octave.
Tune your guitar and try it.

 Fig.2. That same E note repeats in 5 locations across the fretboard.
(That’s 5 locations where you can play a lead riff with that E note).

-The same note can be played in different locations on the fretboard.

They have the same pitch and octave and reflect the repetitive nature of the fretboard.

-The five “E” notes in Fig.2. are all of the same Octave. “Tune your guitar then try playing them”.

-The only difference is you do not get as much depth (ringing sustain) the higher up the fretboard you play the note.  This is particularly noticeable on an Acoustic guitar. It will start to sound muffled as you move up due to the shortening of the string and the resulting fewer harmonic frequencies traveling along it.  Also, you are moving to progressively thicker strings which tend to produce more Bass sound.

-This subtle difference in sound of same notes of the same pitch and octave in different locations on the fretboard is known as Timbre which is described as the difference in “Tone Quality” & “Color” of a note.  Try playing the notes of Fig.2 and, while the pitch remains the same, you will hear the difference in Timbre.

 (Here’s a little Advanced theory if you like)

The factors affecting the frequency/pitch of a string are its: Tension, Mass and Length.

For example: The open “B” string has Less Tension, More Mass and is slightly Longer (due to the angle of the bridge) than the high
“E” string. Therefore the “B” string must be fretted at the 5th fret (E Note) in order to achieve the same frequency as the Open High E.

-This repeating applies to all the other notes as well.  They all follow one after the other.

For example: In the above diagram if you were to play each note indicated one fret higher, you would be playing a repeating “F” note.

-Since the strings are tuned progressively lower from High E to Low E, each successive string is fretted higher to compensate and achieve the same (Identical) tone.

-This is an important concept used to transpose Chords and Lead Scales to different locations on the fretboard.  An essential tool/skill to have.

Quiz: Are all the E notes shown in Fig.2. the same pitch and octave? 

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